Narratology: How Plots Are Structured in Films

When discussing narration, we always consider who the author is and how he or she chooses to tell the story. As in literature, films have an implied author. However, unlike in literature, the implied author in films is not solely the filmmaker but also the producers, directors, writers and even the actors themselves, as they are also responsible for creating the story in the film as a whole. Some films feature voice-over narration, where an off-screen narrator, who could also be a character in the story provides an interpretation of the events unfolding on the screen. Voice-over narrators are common…

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